At Clarendon we aim to develop pupils’ abilities, knowledge, skills and cultural capital through an integrated ‘Wrap around a Text’ approach. This involves Speaking & Listening, Reading & Writing, Vocabulary development and Cross Curricular opportunities driven by high engaging and quality core texts in a varied Literacy spine and a range of visual stimuli together with whole school bespoke WOW events and educational visits and visitors. Given our school context and the knowledge of our Vulnerable Groups, we invest heavily in Phonics and Reading and this together with structured Medium Term Plans for Writing, underpinned by consistent teaching, form our Clarendon curriculum.


From Early Years, Phonics teaching to Reading for Pleasure with Understanding, throughout school we provide children with strategies that travel across the curriculum through:

  • the structured teaching of reading skills,
  • application of reading skills modelled to reflect ‘in the moment of reading’ processes,
  • comprehension and reading journal skills,
  • independent reading for pleasure,
  • listening to our Brilliant Books read by an adult.
  • Weekly comprehension slots
  • Accelerated reader


All adults are expected to teaching reading to the same standard across all the reading strategies and undergo a training programme.


The Literacy spine encompasses modern and classic, fiction and non-fiction texts, plays and poetry and visual stimuli to support a variety of writing outputs outlining the task, purpose and audience. The core texts/book covers are displayed in classes. Children are given opportunities to interrelate the requirements of English within a broad and balanced approach to the teaching of English across the curriculum, with opportunities to consolidate and reinforce taught literacy skills. The Literacy Spine which supports age related targets and genre expectations, scaffolds children and supports teachers in their planning and teaching through the integrated Medium Term Plans for Writing.

At Clarendon we strive for all children, from when they join us in Early Years to be ‘Primary Literate Children ready for Secondary Education’ when they leave us in Year 6. We want our children to be able to:

  • read and write with confidence, fluency and understanding, being able to use a range of independent strategies to self-assess and correct,
  • have a wide interest in books and read for enjoyment and information,
  • have an interest in words and their meanings; developing a growing vocabulary in spoken and written forms,
  • appreciate our varied literary heritage,
  • understand a range of text types and genres; be able to write in a variety of styles and forms appropriate to the situation and audience,
  • explain and elaborate their ideas and understanding and have a suitable technical vocabulary to articulate their responses,
  • develop the powers of imagination, inventiveness and critical awareness,
  • have a bank of experiences, texts, books and world knowledge from which to draw on for both reading for understanding and writing,
  • write in an age appropriate cursive font, clearly, accurately and coherently for a range of purposes and audiences; adapting their style and at times selecting their own genre through which to express themselves,
  • be competent in speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate,
  • be proud of their work and be able to share it with others.

We are a Rights Respecting school and follow the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). This convention is a universally agreed set of non-negotiable standards and obligations, built on varied legal systems and cultural traditions. These basic standards also known as human rights, set minimum entitlements and freedoms that are respected and put into effect by governments. The 42 articles on the rights of the child are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of every individual regardless of ethnicity, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, ability or any other status, and therefore, apply to every human being everywhere.


The English team, led by the subject lead ensures the curriculum intent is taught and assessed  and consistently and meets the high standards expected through a bespoke action plan which supports both the School Development Plan priorities and improvements needed in English. These are identified following the annual subject evaluation in a cycle of continuous improvement.  Any new areas for implementation involve all staff with topic specific CPD through staff meetings, external courses, peer coaching and ongoing personalised support from the English Team. In addition, to maintain the expected standards and resolve any emerging issues monitoring, learning walks and moderation take place, in line with the school schedule. The action plan is reviewed regularly, corrective action taken and additional resources allocated where this is required. The curriculum approach is detailed in Appendices 1-4.


We expect our curriculum to be enjoyed and provide the engagement our children need, relevant to our context so that all of our children make progress and achieve the ambitious targets we set for our school, compared to national levels of achievement.

  • It is expected that children in Early Years will achieve an ‘expected’ level by the end of the year, with some children ‘exceeding’. We strive for children in EYFS to achieve a ‘good level of development’. The EYFS team complete the Local Authority baseline assessment.
  • KS1 children are expected to achieve an ambitious level in the Year 1 Phonics Screening Test and teacher assessed Year 2 tests.
  • At the end of KS2 (Year 6 children) will achieve a standardised score of 100+ in their end of year tests with an ambitious level achieving the higher standard/greater depth.
  • Children at the end of each year to achieve 65% combined (secure #2) in English and Maths or at least 3 points progress for each core subject (removing INA children & cognitive SEND children).
  • Vulnerable groups will achieve equally well to those not included in this group. The English team will analyse data for each group and put in place corrective action to diminish the difference, with a close focus on disadvantaged children, tracking more closely those children involved in the Achievement for all Programme.
  • SEN children show progress with reference to individual provision map and NASSEA levels for INA. To support this Standards (formerly P Scales) and specific ARE targets are utilised where these children are working at differing years groups compared to their actual age.

Targets are set for every child and reviewed each half term on their current level of progress across the age related expectations. Value added is built into the target setting process and all targets set are required to be appropriately challenging and regularly updated.  Teachers hold one to one discussions during each half termly cycle. The Assessment Deputy Head and Senior Leadership Team have responsibility for overseeing the target setting process which is monitored by Assistant Head Teachers.

Children who are not making expected levels of progress will follow an intervention programme led by the class teacher or TA, receive support and advice from the SENCO and possible intervention from outside agencies will be provided.

Children in Years 1 to 6 are tested each half term, using progress tests, so that emerging gaps are quickly identified and closed. Teacher assessments for Reading and Writing are ongoing and progress tests support teacher assessment. The results of these are entered into the school’s tracking system. The results of all assessments are used to inform planning, gap filling and discussions with parents.

Curriculum Requirements

In EYFS, children have opportunities to:

  • speak, listen and represent ideas in their activities,
  • use communication, language and literacy in every part of the curriculum,
  • become immersed in an environment rich in print and possibilities for communication,
  • develop their phonics knowledge.

At Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2), children speak confidently and listen to what others have to say and develop their Standard English. Reading and phonics is prioritised and they begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm. They use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds.

At Key Stage Two (Years 3-6), children learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. Reading is prioritised and they read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them. They explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how the structure of language works.  They express themselves in a variety of written ways using Standard English.

The English Curriculum is delivered following the National Curriculum. The Early Learning Goals are followed to ensure continuity and progression from the Foundation Stage through to the National Curriculum. English provision is based upon age related targets on the following: composition and effect, transcription, spelling, punctuation and grammar, handwriting, sentence structure, vocabulary development, word reading, comprehension and spoken language.

Progress is very carefully monitored (particularly our vulnerable groups) using a triangulation of data ensuring that individual work books, learning journeys, working walls, short and medium term planning, pupil voice, lesson observations, learning walks, and teacher assessment, all show evidence that contribute to a rounded picture of an individual’s progress over time.

Writing is moderated both internally and externally to reflect the high standards expected within our school, which in turn provides clear guidelines on progression, consistency and standards based on evidence from moderation meetings. By retaining books, evidence is generated with specific examples showing the different levels of emerging, developing and secure.  The English team work with the cluster to develop best practice.

Wrap Around the Text across the Curriculum.

Reading takes place across the curriculum and teachers seek to take advantage of opportunities to make cross-curricular links. They will plan around a high quality text so that pupils are engaged and are exposed to content in a variety of contexts enabling them to practise, apply the skills, knowledge and understanding acquired across the curriculum in all subject areas e.g. Reading background links, Writing for a purpose, Historical writing, Science  explanation etc. They are able to read aloud/ perform/share their work with a clear purpose and audience in mind. Children have the opportunity to choose their own writing genre to express their learning in a Creative History topic which is included on the English Medium Term Plan.

Using ICT

Opportunities to use ICT to support teaching and learning in English is planned for and used as appropriate (class sets of laptops and iPad are available in each unit).   ‘Purple Mash’ has a wide range of resources to help support the teaching of phonics, as well as multi-media texts that support the teaching of reading comprehension and homework.  Specific additional electronic packages have been purchased in Purple Mash, with extensive resources aimed at our INA and EAL children. Online Cracking Comprehension supports children’s text comprehension and LBQ is used to reinforce grammar knowledge and skills. Read Write Perform and Wrap around the Text approaches enable teachers to support children in presenting their work through multi-media e.g. via Green Screen.

Accelerated reader

In year 3 – 6 children will use the accelerated reader home reading programme. This programme assesses the children so that they are assigned the correct book level to read within ensuring the books are at the right challenge for the child. Children will be able to choose the book level from their class library or the new school library. Once children have finished reading their book they will take an online quiz designed to test their understanding of the book. Teachers will have access to online reports showing how children are getting on with their reading. This programme will create a real buzz about reading, encourage healthy competition, and open up dialogue between children about their real books. It also gives children real ownership over their reading diet because they children will be able to choose from a wide range of texts within their book level.

Assessment and Target Setting

Work is assessed in line with the Assessment Policy.  Individual reading progress records, class and individual phonics check documents as well as Age Related Expectations targets for reading, writing and speaking are used across KS1 and KS2. EYFS also use age related expectation targets but these are not included in children’s books.

Achievement in Reading and Writing is tracked Educator.  Targets have been developed for Reading and Writing  which show what must be achieved for the child to be considered secure (based on interim standards) at for the year group ARE (shown in bold on the target sheet). Reading, Writing and Speaking targets are contained in an personalised booklet at the front of the child’s Challenge and Success book.

Writing: KS1 and KS2 use Age Related Expectation (ARE) targets taken from the National Curriculum. Children have non-negotiable targets that are a minimum requirement for each year group.   The targets for emerging, developing and secure have been broken down further to ensure that individual progress can be seen and tracked over time. The targets are reviewed in real time as work is marked and next steps discussed with the child.  Children have half termly pupil progress meetings with the teacher where they evaluate individual progress against their targets and set the next half term’s targets.   

Reading: EYFS use a Reading Progress Record using the targets (EYFS Early Learning Goals and ARE) to document evidence and individual progress.  Reading targets for KS1 and KS2 have been broken down to into precise steps to enable skills progress and gaps to be identified and closed. Children have half termly pupil progress meetings to discuss their individual progress with the teacher. 

Moderation: Whole school and Key Stage sessions are planned throughout the year (at staff meetings or INSET days) for staff to discuss, analyse evidence and moderate children’s work. This is in addition to Unit meetings throughout the year where additional moderation takes place focusing on particular year groups or any areas for development.  Work is also moderated at Cluster meetings for all year groups but in particular Years 2 and 6.


We aim to provide for all children so that they make expected levels of progress in English according to their individual abilities. We identify which pupils or groups of pupils are under-achieving and take steps to improve their progress. Able children are identified and suitable learning challenges provided. Vulnerable groups are identified and teachers are aware of their needs, maintaining relevant information in their Class Context File.  A Vulnerable Group Gap Analysis is completed half termly by the English team to identify where action is required and the progress being made by those children participating in the Achievement for All programme.

International New Arrivals: Upon immediate arrival in our school, each child is assessed for the level of English and individual personalised plans drawn up with the class teacher. The Learning Mentor works with children in their class environment on basic language acquisition.  During other parts of the day, children are paired with more able children from whom language can be modelled which enables them to consolidate their learning, gain confidence and widen their language acquisition.

Intervention Programmes:  Our aim is for all children to keep up with learning within a whole class teaching environment with gap filling through an ‘on the spot’ intervention approach during the lesson. However not all children are able to keep up consistently and as a result a range of intervention programmes are used which include:  ARROW and Project X support children’s Reading skills; Talk Boost develops speech, language and communication; Rapid Writing supports Key Stage 1 children, particularly in Year 1; Teacher led phonics teaching in KS2 for INAs or those with specific gaps to fill use Rapid Phonics; revision support is in place for Year 6 from the Spring term. 

Equal Opportunities: All children are provided with equal access to the English curriculum. We aim to provide suitable learning opportunities regardless of gender, ethnicity or home background. We want all children to be able to keep up with learning and not be left behind, having to catch up.

Links with Parents

My Reading Record is taken home daily by children in EYFS, KS1 and KS2.   Through this parents understand the progression and chronology of reading in school through guided reading and comprehension stamps accompanied with the text title and target; Reading Buddy stamps and the Clarendon Reading Challenge.

Parent meetings are held regularly at key points throughout the year: EYFS discuss literacy strategies in September to support teaching of reading, phonics and writing at home.  Parent ‘Stay and Read’ sessions are held in EYFS and Phonics Screening parent meetings in Year 1, with take home resources.  Parents are welcome to visit school and look at their children’s work.

KS1 and KS2 hold after school meetings in the autumn term to discuss the skills, knowledge and techniques necessary for their child to be working within the age related expectations and for end of Key stages tests. Parents are taught skills that they can use to support their child at home through joint parent and child sessions for Reading and Grammar. Parents from Y1 to Y6 have a booklet with appropriate questions to help them support their child’s comprehension and a Grammar self-help guide.   In addition, each year group hosts the ‘Family Starbooks’.  Here the teachers read to adults and children together to model reading and then children read to their parents in a family friendly environment e.g. a picnic in the school grounds whilst reading to a soft toy or to Diego the school’s resident pet dog.

Role of Subject Leader and Curriculum Team

The Subject Leader and curriculum team are responsible for improving the standards of teaching and learning in English through developing the long term approach:

  • monitoring and evaluating English, 
  • pupil progress reviews across the whole school,
  • provision of Literacy (including Intervention and Support programmes in conjunction with the SENCO)
  • standards of teaching and learning across the subjects of Reading, Writing and Phonics teaching and cross curricular opportunities,
  • short and medium term planning to ensure the curriculum has the necessary rigour,
  • pupil voice to ensure the curriculum is engaging and relevant,
  • the quality of the Learning Environment,
  • taking the lead in policy development,
  • developing an action plan which builds on good practice in school, continuous improvement and reflecting any wider school contextual changes,
  • auditing and supporting colleagues in their CPD including elective and enforced Peer Coaching,
  • purchasing and organising resources,
  • review of digital evidence for Reading and Speaking and Listening,
  • keeping up to date with recent English developments,
  • working as part of the soft Federation of cluster schools.

The Governing Body

Regular reports are made to Governors on the progress of the English provision during curriculum committee meetings. This policy is reviewed a minimum of three years or in the light of changes to provision and legal requirements. The Curriculum Governors visit school to meet with the English lead and curriculum team  during the year to discuss progress and age related expectations across school; approaches to teaching and learning in English, the progress of Vulnerable Groups and to listen to children read.

Links with other School Polices

This policy is in line with other school polices and therefore should be read in conjunction with the following policies:  Assessment, Marking, SEND, ICT, Homework, Equal Opportunities, Safeguarding Policy.


Clarendon Primary School recommends 11 books to read before you turn 11. See how many you can read.  Once you’ve read the books use them to develop your own ideas in writing.
The full set of ‘11 books before you’re 11’ included: Alice in Wonderland; Peter Pan, Grimm’s Fairy Tales, Wind in the Willows, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory; Charlotte’s Web, Chronicles of Narnia, Treasure Island, Secret Garden, Swallows and Amazons, The Harry Potter Series.