At Clarendon we aim to develop pupils’ abilities, knowledge, skills and cultural capital through an integrated ‘Wrap around a Text’ approach. This involves Speaking & Listening, Reading & Writing, Vocabulary development and Cross Curricular opportunities driven by high engaging and quality core texts in a varied Literacy spine and a range of visual stimuli together with whole school bespoke WOW events and educational visits and visitors. Given our school context and the knowledge of our Vulnerable Groups, we invest heavily in Phonics and Reading and this together with structured Medium Term Plans for Writing, underpinned by consistent teaching, form our Clarendon curriculum.
From Early Years, Phonics teaching to Reading for Pleasure with Understanding, throughout school we provide children with strategies that travel across the curriculum through:
• the structured teaching of reading skills,
• application of reading skills modelled to reflect ‘in the moment of reading’ processes,
• comprehension and reading journal skills,
• independent reading for pleasure,
• listening to our Brilliant Books read by an adult.
All adults are expected to teaching reading to the same standard across all the reading strategies and undergo a training programme.
The Literacy spine encompasses modern and classic, fiction and non-fiction texts, plays and poetry and visual stimuli to support a variety of writing outputs outlining the task, purpose and audience. The core texts/book covers are displayed in classes. Children are given opportunities to interrelate the requirements of English within a broad and balanced approach to the teaching of English across the curriculum, with opportunities to consolidate and reinforce taught literacy skills. The Literacy Spine which supports age related targets and genre expectations, scaffolds children and supports teachers in their planning and teaching through the integrated Medium Term Plans for Writing.
At Clarendon we strive for all children, from when they join us in Early Years to be ‘Primary Literate Children ready for Secondary Education’ when they leave us in Year 6. We want our children to be able to:
• read and write with confidence, fluency and understanding, being able to use a range of independent strategies to self-assess and correct,
• have a wide interest in books and read for enjoyment and information,
• have an interest in words and their meanings; developing a growing vocabulary in spoken and written forms,
• appreciate our varied literary heritage,
• understand a range of text types and genres; be able to write in a variety of styles and forms appropriate to the situation and audience,
• explain and elaborate their ideas and understanding and have a suitable technical vocabulary to articulate their responses,
• develop the powers of imagination, inventiveness and critical awareness,
• have a bank of experiences, texts, books and world knowledge from which to draw on for both reading for understanding and writing,
• write in an age appropriate cursive font, clearly, accurately and coherently for a range of purposes and audiences; adapting their style and at times selecting their own genre through which to express themselves,
• be competent in speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate,
• be proud of their work and be able to share it with others.
The English team, led by the subject lead ensures the curriculum intent is taught and assessed and consistently and meets the high standards expected through a bespoke action plan which supports both the School Development Plan priorities and improvements needed in English. These are identified following the annual subject evaluation in a cycle of continuous improvement. Any new areas for implementation involve all staff with topic specific CPD through staff meetings, external courses, peer coaching and ongoing personalised support from the English Team. In addition, to maintain the expected standards and resolve any emerging issues monitoring, learning walks and moderation take place, in line with the school schedule. The action plan is reviewed regularly, corrective action taken and additional resources allocated where this is required. The curriculum approach is detailed in Appendices 1-4.
We expect our curriculum to be enjoyed and provide the engagement our children need, relevant to our context so that all of our children make progress and achieve the ambitious targets we set for our school, compared to national levels of achievement.
• It is expected that children in Early Years will achieve an ‘expected’ level by the end of the year, with some children ‘exceeding’. We strive for children in EYFS to achieve a ‘good level of development’. The EYFS team complete the Local Authority baseline assessment.
• KS1 children are expected to achieve an ambitious level in the Year 1 Phonics Screening Test and teacher assessed Year 2 tests.
• At the end of KS2 (Year 6 children) will achieve a standardised score of 100+ in their end of year tests with an ambitious level achieving the higher standard/greater depth.
• Children at the end of each year to achieve 65% combined (secure #2) in English and Maths or at least 3 points progress for each core subject (removing INA children & cognitive SEND children).
• Vulnerable groups will achieve equally well to those not included in this group. The English team will analyse data for each group and put in place corrective action to diminish the difference, with a close focus on disadvantaged children, tracking more closely those children involved in the Achievement for all Programme.
• SEN children show progress with reference to individual provision map and NASSEA levels for INA. To support this Standards (formerly P Scales) and specific ARE targets are utilised where these children are working at differing years groups compared to their actual age.
Targets are set for every child and reviewed each half term on their current level of progress across the age related expectations. Value added is built into the target setting process and all targets set are required to be appropriately challenging and regularly updated. Teachers hold one to one discussions during each half termly cycle. The Assessment Deputy Head and Senior Leadership Team have responsibility for overseeing the target setting process which is monitored by Assistant Head Teachers.
Children who are not making expected levels of progress will follow an intervention programme led by the class teacher or TA, receive support and advice from the SENCO and possible intervention from outside agencies will be provided.
Children in Years 1 to 6 are tested each half term, using progress tests, so that emerging gaps are quickly identified and closed. Teacher assessments for Reading and Writing are ongoing and progress tests support teacher assessment. The results of these are entered into the school’s tracking system. The results of all assessments are used to inform planning, gap filling and discussions with parents.
Throughout school including Nursery, we use a systematic approach to teaching phonics and follow ‘Letters and Sounds’. In Nursery, children have daily phonics sessions and this continues in Reception post baseline, with the additional structure of children working in groups based on their acquisition of sounds taught and their ability to apply them to their Reading and Writing. Children are expected to be secure in phase 3 by the end of Reception, phase 5 by the end of Year One and Phase 6 in Year 2. ‘Support for Spelling’ is used in Year 2 to consolidate previous learning in phonics. Phonics books are arranged so that de-codable books which support the phonics being taught are available for children to read and take home
As our children enter school with lower than expected skills, phonics teaching and revision needs to continue beyond EYFS. In Year 1, 2 we provide for two phonics sessions per day and in Year 3 all children receive a daily revision/gap filling lesson through systematic teaching.
In Years 4 – 6, new entrants to our school, INAs and some children who still have gaps in their phonic knowledge are supported by the class teacher using Rapid Phonics during Reading sessions.
All children have individual phonics checks and trackers which are completed at three main assessment intervals but half termly for all children who receive phonics teaching or interventions. This is monitored by the Phonics Lead in the English Team.
Reading for Pleasure with Understanding
We value and promote ‘Reading for Pleasure with Understanding’ as our ethos for developing children’s learning across the curriculum, where they have ownership of their reading and maintain their own Reading Record. The key strategies are Reading Skills by Thinking Aloud, Read Aloud- Think Aloud, independent Reading for Pleasure, Reading to an adult, Read Aloud – enjoying ‘Brilliant Books’ read by an adult and intervention using Project X. Children across school access these opportunities and all adults in school undergo an in-house training programme to ensure consistency of teaching. Children in Year 1 access the strategies progressively when they are ready, increasingly so from the Spring term. However teachers begin to model Read Aloud- Think Aloud from the autumn term and use Read Aloud when reading Brilliant Books to the children.
Reading Skills by Thinking Aloud
• the systematic teaching of reading skills which reflects the processes involved in the ‘moment of reading’,
• access to age appropriate texts regardless of ability during two days of whole class teaching, where a teacher and TA focus on a particular group whilst facilitating the rest of the class who are working on the same text.
• access to ability level and greater depth texts during a three day carousel,
• involves whole class and more personalised teaching in ability groups,
• provides scaffolded prompts which supports reading the text several times, speaking using evidence from the texts as well as prediction, using background knowledge, clarification of phrases and words (by identification of very important phrases /words) and breakdown recovery strategies; asking inference type questions; showing understanding of text cohesion by including missing sentences, summarising by using a 5 finger gist, writing a headline and providing a visual representation of their understanding,
• enables children to work independently (annotating texts and discussion) in a whole class setting with very low ability children paired with more able, whilst adults focus in more detail with an ability based target group.
• provides for independent working on ‘Conversation Preparation’, (involving text/book talk) in readiness for a ‘Reading Skills Conversation’ with the teacher or TA. ‘Follow on’ and ‘Skills Development’ sessions provide for a range of other reading skills to be practised and applied,
• ‘Skills development activities’ and ‘Follow on’ sessions enable children to reflect on their reading through a range of high expectation e.g. Reading Journal activities, showing their understanding of a text discussed during a ‘Reading Conversation’ and develop other skills e.g. vocabulary, showing their understanding of themes, using a dictionary and thesaurus, using reading challenge fans for questioning etc.
• Teachers are supported by modelled mats and texts from which they can choose appropriate activities.
Read aloud, Think Aloud:
• access to age approach texts regardless of ability,
• a whole class teaching approach where children work in mixed ability pairs, using a reading ruler to help them focus on the words and phrases,
• teachers model the mix of reading skills ‘in the moment of reading’ showing children how the systematic processes they have learned are activated when reading for pleasure with understanding.
• enables children to read out loud to the class and read independently to themselves during one taught text,
• children who are not confident readers may read out loud using an echo approach with their paired reader,
• children who cannot read the text independently during the silent independent reading part of the lesson, have the text whispered to them by their reading partner whilst they follow on,
• teachers question, expect children to show their understanding by sharing the 5 finger gist, ask and answer a range of questions (which always include at least one inference type question), see questions presented in different ways, work at pace orally and using shared white board work,
• teachers and children identify vocabulary throughout which is then revisited at the end of the lesson and at the beginning of the next lesson,
• allows children the following day to re-read the text, practise scanning and skimming to answer written questions which are modelled by the teacher and independently worked on to show their understanding,
• children work through their answers as a class, which are then reviewed by the teacher to ensure robust and precise answers,
• a fortnightly, age appropriate unseen comprehension text where children can show their skills and understanding through written answers. Children who are unable to access the age appropriate comprehension may receive adult support and /or a differentiated text. Children who are working at greater depth will also have the opportunity to access more challenging texts,
• teachers model Read Aloud- Think Aloud in the moment of reading across the curriculum.
The Reading Working Wall supports children’s learning with visuals, vocabulary, very important phrases/words, teacher modelling, text annotation and child generated questions. An unseen comprehension is set fortnightly to provide checks and balances against our teaching and learning approaches. Children are listened to read half termly to assess their reading fluency and stamina in both KS1 and KS2.
Our teaching strategies help children ‘work out’ what words and phrases in a text mean to deepen their understanding and precision in their responses. Teachers choose texts with a specific learning purpose in mind which is challenging for the children and may use i-pads to support visualisation and context. There is regular access to non-fiction texts e.g. First News and poetry.
Our children find concepts such as inference difficult to master. Teachers are supported in this through the systematic approach and pre-planned sequences available including a range of appropriate texts with models. In school, we define inference as being able to find something out by looking at clues and using prior knowledge. This means the ability to go beyond the text based upon personal experience, background knowledge or opinion of the reader. If the text says, ‘he put on a warm coat, hat and scarf’ the reader infers it is cold. Text detective approaches which focus on the search for clues, understanding conventions and from linguistic knowledge (in particular of vocabulary and grammar) are a strong feature of our systematic approach to teaching. Children learn the difference between ‘in text’ or ‘online’ (e.g. retrieval) and ‘in brain’ or ‘off line’ (e.g. inference) methods.
Reading challenge cards based on domains support teachers and children in developing their own questions and precision in their verbal and written responses. Children are expected to understand the reading domains and this is progressively introduced from EYFS. In Year 1 children begin to use the Reading Challenge Fans and Reading working wall when they are ready to do so.
KS1 domains: 1a draw on knowledge of vocabulary to understand texts; 1b identify/explain key aspects of fiction and non-fiction texts, such as characters, events, titles and information ; 1c identify and explain the sequence of events in texts; 1d make inferences from the text; 1e predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far.
KS2 domains: 2a give / explain the meaning of words in context; 2b retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction and non-fiction; 2c summarise main ideas from more than one paragraph; 2d make inferences from the text / explain and justify inferences with evidence from the text; 2e predict what might happen from details stated and implied; 2f identify / explain how information / narrative content is related and contributes to meaning as a whole; 2g identify / explain how meaning is enhanced through choice of words and phrases; 2h make comparisons within the text
Teachers choose challenging, informative and enjoyable texts from a variety of sources e.g. a Literacy spine teaching text, Cracking Comprehension, appropriate Head Start/ Guinness World Record/ Read Write Ink, texts, books from The Oxford Reading Tree scheme, Big Cat Collins scheme, a range of authors and cross curricular texts (e.g. from Science or History) enabling children access to a range of fiction, non-fiction, poetry and play-scripts from across the curriculum.
Each class has access to reading books in the resource area covering all ability ranges. This is resourced from EYFS to Year 6 which includes ‘Project X’ (fiction books as well as non-fiction books) which is a pre-planned to ensure Teaching Assistants are supported when carrying out the intervention.
The books/texts planned for by the teacher are recorded on the individual reading record for Years 2-6 and a group record for KS1, which is individualised where appropriate.
A Planning and Evaluation Reading File is maintained. Reading evaluative records are provided for each child. This highlights each individual child and their specific, personalised gaps in learning. This enables teachers/ TA to tailor questions to their specific area for development. Digital evidence is saved on All Staff for questioning, summarising and reading proficiency.
Independent Reading for Pleasure
Children have a daily opportunity to read for pleasure, choosing whatever is of interest to them. This could include their home reader, reading challenge book or a book they have brought from home. During this session children are listened to read their home reader, on a one to one basis by an adult. Once per half term, the teacher will write a detailed record of the child’s reading ability in the child’s reading record. Where the reading gap needs to be closed or accelerated progress required, children are heard read at least once per week by teaching assistants, teachers, parent volunteers or Year 5/6 Reading Buddies allocated to each class, in addition to the Reading Skills sessions. We prioritise our Vulnerable Groups.
In Individual Reading, the child practises without the teacher’s help. The component skills need to be so well practised that they no longer require conscious attention and the reader can concentrate instead on other features. Motivation for reading is critical. The teacher ensures that each child’s appetite for reading can be satisfied from the variety of books available.
We support children in developing reading stamina so that they become absorbed in a text with complete involvement and high levels of concentration which creates a ‘flow of experience’. We develop this through: choosing ‘just right’ books; setting individual targets; teaching self-regulation strategies; creating purposeful opportunities and celebrating success.
Read Aloud – Enjoying listening to our Brilliant Books
Adults read to children across school at the end of every day using a Read Aloud approach. The teacher will read with expression and explain vocabulary as part of reading without interrupting the flow or enjoyment. This enables children to:
• develop a love of reading,
• listen to an adult read,
• access to new authors,
• develop their knowledge of the world in which they live,
• widen their vocabulary by encountering words they would rarely encounter in everyday speech,
• feed children’s imagination and curiosity.
Given our school context, where many children have English as a second language and where few have the opportunity to read to an adult, we invest heavily in Phonics and Reading. We expect our children to be able to Read for Pleasure with Understanding across the curriculum. We have planned our curriculum so that this is accessed and enjoyed through a number of interlinking strategies. At all ages children are encouraged to take ownership of their reading.
We encourage children to read at home, wherever possible to an adult, a minimum of three times per week.
Children read books from their book band and their own choices from the library. They are encouraged to maintain an eclectic diet of genres and can read their own books at home. Although ownership of reading rests with children, parents are encouraged to read with their children and make a comment in the home school planner.
Home reading books are organised by coloured book bands that link to the NC levels, teachers assign pupils to a book band through a combination of teacher assessment and test results and an ongoing ‘evaluative record’ in the reading file. As children progress through school, they read books from Oxford Reading Tree and Big Cat Collins. Once children are in Year 2, their reading is assessed each half term and there is scope for the professional judgement of teachers to move a child forwards or backwards within the book band scheme.
Wider Reading Opportunities
This is facilitated by:
• the Class Library is reviewed and well stocked each year with age and ability appropriate texts. Scholastic book club money further supports each class with additional funding to supplement their libraries. The library environment shows examples of children’s Reading Journal and domain based work. It also provides activities children can access independently such as verbal reasoning, analysing and understanding jokes and domain based tasks,
• the ‘Clarendon Reading Challenge’, incorporating Author Bingo develops a love and enjoyment of reading with a competitive element. Specific books have been bought to allow children access to important authors, both modern and classic, in fiction and non-fiction texts,
• Bookflixs is being developed across school (currently in Year 4) enabling children to search for, choose and ask for additional books. Pupil voice dictates which authors different classes would like to supplement their libraries with,
• class texts are used for whole class study supplied by the Library Service, with whom school has an ongoing relationship and benefit from author events and performance reading; there are opportunities to visit the library,
• a set of ‘Brilliant Books’ one for each half term, allocated to each class are read daily by the teacher to widen children’s access to authors they would not necessarily choose to read. Some sections of these texts may be studied further as part of writing lessons which wrap around the text,
• we encourage children to read a wide diet of texts that follow their journey through school. Our ‘Eleven books before you’re eleven’ are : Alice in Wonderland; Peter Pan, Grimms Fairy Tales, Wind in the Willows, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory; Charlotte’s Web, Chronicles of Narnia, Treasure Island, Secret Garden, Swallows and Amazons, The Harry Potter Series. Children have been exposed to these by developing their own whole school displays. Books have been chosen to enable engagement by every year and the provision of age appropriate adaptations. These books are read to children as part of the class Brilliant Books with the opportunity for some to be studied,
• Visiting authors and poets regularly visit school,
• Children learn to read and tell jokes as this supports their vocabulary understanding, develops their speaking skills, develops their self-confidence and well-being and is a great source of fun.
My Reading Record
Children have ownership of their reading and recording in their ‘My Reading Record’ as soon as they are able to do so independently and at a reasonable speed. Where children are not yet ready to do so e.g. EYFS and Year 1, adults write the children’s comments in reading record.
Whenever children are heard read, or when they participate in an adult guided reading session in a guided reading session, this is recorded in My Reading Record using appropriate stamps (Guided reading, Comprehension, Reading Buddy) together with the text and objective. Children when reading independently write a comment to show how they have engaged with the text using a set of sentence stems to help them.
Teachers write a half termly detailed comment about the child’s reading so that parents are aware of reading objectives and progress being made.
Reading across the curriculum
Teachers plan reading opportunities across the curriculum using reading strategies and skills consistently which travel across all subjects e.g. in Learning Links, studying a non- fiction text about the plague and in Writing, using Wrap around the text and Read, Write, Perform to comprehend, focus on themes, identification of conventions, how feelings of a character change etc to understand the writer’s intended impact on the reader. These skills can also be practised during a Skills Development Activity session in the Reading Skills carousel
Reading targets can be achieved through the most sensible medium and subject and teachers make a note of where this learning is taking place on their Reading Planning Tracker which is kept alongside the Speaking Planning Tracker in the Reading Planning and Evaluation folder.
11 Poems Before 11
We have selected 11 of our favourite poems to read before turning 11.
- Five Little Monkeys (Nursery Rhyme)
- Aliens from Planet Trouble by Paul Cookson
- Shampoo Sally by John Foster
- Eletelephony by Laura Richards
- Four Jolly Pirates by Coral Rumble
- From a Railway Carriage by Robert Louis Stevenson
- I Opened a Book by Julia Donaldson
- Nature Trail by Benjamin Zephaniah
- Daffodils by William Wordsworth
- The Magic Box by Kit Wright
- Leisure by William Henry Davies
- Song of The Witches from Macbeth by William Shakespeare
- In Flanders Fields by John McCrae